¿Qué son los cannabinoides?
We hear a lot about the term cannabinoid now that legalization is on the rise but did you know that there are many different types of cannabinoids found in more than 8 plants other than the cannabis plant?
A cannabinoid is a naturally occurring compound found in plants, particularly in the plant Cannabis Sativa. Of the 480 compounds found in cannabis, 66 of them are considered cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are lipid molecules that all act to some extent on the cannabinoid receptors, which are a primary component of the endocannabinoid system.
There are three types of cannabinoids, summarized below:
- fitocannabinoides : Cannabinoids produced by plants.
- endocannabinoides : Cannabinoids produced in the human and animal body.
- Los cannabinoides sintéticos : cannabinoids produced in the laboratory.
The most commonly mentioned cannabinoids (theclassic cannabinoids") Include THC, CBD, THCV and CBC. The main difference between cannabinoids is the extent to which they are psychologically active. CBD is about 40% of the cannabis resin, and THC is the only plant cannabinoid that produces a clear psychoactive effect on its own.
Luego están los receptores cannabinoides, CB1 and CB2. In recent years, several other non-cannabinoid plant constituents have been reported to bind to these CB receptors and functionally interact with them.
Health benefits of cannabinoids
The medical benefits of cannabinoids are promising. Research suggests that cannabinoids have the ability to:
- Reducir ansiedad
- Reduce inflammation and relieve pain
- to control nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy
- Killing cancer cells and slowing tumor growth
- Relax tense muscles in people with multiple sclerosis
- Stimulate appetite and improve weight gain in people with cancer and AIDS
- Helps to heal the brain
On the other hand, Canadian scientists have discovered thatthere are probably many more cannabinoids than previously thought.
6 Plants other than sativa cannabis that contain cannabinoid-like compounds
Black pepper (Piper nigrum)
Black pepper contains high levels of terpene called beta-caryophyllene (BCP). This gives black pepper (and some varieties of cannabis) its taste and pepper aroma. PCO also functions as a cannabinoid and has binding affinity with the CB2 receptor. Research suggests that the anti-inflammatory compounds of this terpene make it suitable for the treatment of diseases such as arthritis and osteoporosis.
Flax seeds (Linum usitatissimum)
Very recently, flax seeds have been found to produce cannabinoid-like compounds that are very similar to CBD, which appear to have very similar anti-inflammatory effects. The study that found it also showed that the industrial process of producing tissue from flaxseed does not affect CBD activity. These results suggest novel medical applications for flax products, particularly for the fabric as a dressing material having anti-inflammatory properties.
Cocoa (Theobroma cacao)
In addition to providing the body with a giant dose of magnesium, cocoa also contains several different chemicals such as theobromine, phenylethylamine, tryptophan and anandamide. Cocoa affects the endocannabinoid system by deactivating the enzyme called FAAH. This enzyme breaks down the endocannabinoid called anandamide. Research has qualified theanandamida natural version of THC for the body. That's why you feel relaxed and happy after eating delicious dark chocolate.
Black truffles (Tuber melanosporum)
Researchers have discovered that black truffles create the same anandamide (aka "happiness molecule") as cannabis and cocoa. As mentioned above, anandamide is an endocannabinoid naturally produced by the body that regulates mood and pain perception by binding to the CB1 receptor.
Hepatic or Marchantiophyta (Marchantiophyta)
A plant native to New Zealand, the liver, produces an unusual type of cannabinoid (called perrottetinic acid) that is very closely related to THC. This cannabinoid is known to treat bronchitis and relieve gallbladder, liver and bladder problems.
Never take fresh hepatic - always ingest by infusion or herb extract. The dose should never exceed 3,8 grams of dried herb (about 4 teaspoons of an infusion of 3-6%.
Chinese Labrador (Rhododendron anthopogonoides)
Labrador, which is experiencing significant growth in North America, is one of the most antimicrobial plants on the planet. According to research, the essential oil extracted from Chinese rhododendron can kill anything from staphylococci to cancer cells.
A study carried out in 2011 revealed that "two new cannabinoid-type chromane and chromene derivatives called anthopogocyclolic acid and anthopogochromic acid and five related compounds known as synthetic analogues of cannabinoids: cannabichrome (CBC type), cannabicyclol (CBL type) and cannabicitan (CBT type) were isolated with geranyl orsellinic acid in Chinese anthopogononoids ".
The cannabis plant pioneered the discovery of the endocannabinoid system in our body. Today, botanists and naturalists are discovering that cannabinoid-like molecules in plants are more prevalent than previously thought. All the plants listed above have valuable therapeutic properties. Many of them have been used as traditional remedies for centuries. We are just beginning to understand why they have proved so useful.